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As encyclopedia claims “The Big Bang theory is the prevailing cosmological model for the universe from the earliest known periods through its subsequent large-scale evolution. The model accounts for the fact that the universe expanded from a very high density and high temperature state, and offers a comprehensive explanation for a broad range of phenomena, including the abundance of light elements, the cosmic microwave background, large scale structure and Hubble’s Law. If the known laws of physics are extrapolated to the highest density regime, the result is a singularity which is typically associated with the Big Bang. Detailed measurements of the expansion rate of the universe place this moment at approximately 13.8 billion years ago, which is thus considered the age of the universe. After the initial expansion, the universe cooled sufficiently to allow the formation of subatomic particles, and later simple atoms. Giant clouds of these primordial elements later coalesced through gravity in halos of dark matter, eventually forming the stars and galaxies visible today.”
Since Georges Lemaitre first noted in 1927 that an expanding universe could be traced back in time to an originating single point, scientists have built on his idea of cosmic expansion. While the scientific community was once divided between supporters of two different expanding universe theories, the Big Bang and the Steady State theory, while currently they advocate that empirical evidence provides strong support for the former. In 1929, from analysis of galactic redshifts, Edwin Hubble concluded that galaxies are drifting apart; this is what they called to be an important observational evidence consistent with the hypothesis of an expanding universe. In 1965 the cosmic microwave background radiation was discovered, which was claimed to be crucial evidence in favor of the Big Bang model, since that theory predicted the existence of background radiation throughout the universe before it was discovered. More recently, measurements of the redshifts of supernovae indicate that the expansion of the universe is accelerating, an observation attributed to dark energy’s existence. The known physical laws of nature can be used to calculate the characteristics of the universe in detail back in time to an initial state of extreme density and temperature.
American astronomer Edwin Hubble in his research observed that the distances to faraway galaxies were strongly correlated with their redshifts. This was interpreted to mean that all distant galaxies and clusters are receding away from our vantage point with an apparent velocity proportional to their distance: that is, the farther they are, the faster they move away from us, regardless of direction. Assuming the Copernican principle (that the Earth is not the center of the universe), the only remaining interpretation is that all observable regions of the universe are receding from all others. Since we know that the distance between galaxies increases today, then scientist concluded that it must mean in the past galaxies were closer together. The continuous expansion of the universe implies that the universe was denser and hotter in the past.
Large particle accelerators may replicate the conditions that prevailed after the early moments of the universe, resulting in confirmation and refinement of the details of the Big Bang model. However, these accelerators can only probe so far into high energy regimes. Consequently, the state of the universe in the earliest instants of the Big Bang expansion is still poorly understood and an area of open investigation and speculation.
“The first subatomic particles to be formed included protons, neutrons, and electrons. Though simple atomic nuclei formed within the first three minutes after the Big Bang, thousands of years passed before the first electrically neutral atoms formed. The majority of atoms produced by the Big Bang were hydrogen, along with helium and traces of lithium. Giant clouds of these primordial elements later coalesced through gravity to form stars and galaxies, and the heavier elements were synthesized either within stars or during supernovae.”
From above study If we have to describe a BIG BANG in one sentence then we can say ” A hypothetical story of an unimaginable turmoil turning to an incredible order by a bigbang in a dot and a Universe came to existence i.e., everything came from Nothing.”
In fact this so-called important scientific discovery about cosmos, life and creation is leading to a natural collapse of materialism. Some common and unanswered queries have questioned validity of this theory in large.
A movement before a Chaotic turmoil:
Exponents of this super hypothesis advocates from a moment just after a explosion, but in what states were time and space just before that? Without these dimension how bang event have taken place? What is the history of their origin? How did the volumeless dot of infinite density and superhot temperature of one thousand million; 109; SI prefix giga Kelvin originate simultaneously in the very first place? What is the primeval cause of origin of all these?
Ignored mechanics of science:
A subatomic dot of minuscule circumference and infinite density, temperature beyond count, time-space curvature in infinite due to intense gravitational force…. In such type of state physical laws of matter and energy are all invalid, in effective. To apply laws of physics and math are futile and ineffectual. Then suddenly an explosion, within a 1/billionth of second photon-electron-quarks arise, thereafter proton and then in three minutes through the process of nuclear synthesis the cosmos manifested. Whole creation happened in 3 minutes. Such indescribable conditions can only be imagined, no mathematical proof or physical evidence can be given.
The dreaded problem of singularity:
Cosmologist like Stephen Hawking, Roger Penrose mentions in their first paper that the universe must have originated from a singularity, a dimensionless mathematical point. And a singularity is phenomenon which is mathematically indescribable, where all calculation and laws of math-physics goes haywire, like dividing 0 by 1 or 5 or unlimited trillion. What we get, no mathematician can predict. Thus to give an account of initial singularity of the universe is dreadful thing for modern cosmologist.
In their paper entitled “The large scale structure of space time” stphen hawking and GFR Ellis says that “It seems to be a good principle that the prediction of a singularity by a physical theory indicates that the theory has broken down…. The actual point of creation, the singularity is outside the scope of presently known laws of physics.” Whereas scientist named Stephen Winberg while filming a movie on the origin of the universe according to this theory expressed his view on snag of this theory saying “Unfortunately I cannot start the film at zero time and infinite temperature.”
Sir Bernard Lovell in his book The universe, published by random House Encyclopedia says that “Problems relating to singularity in cosmology are questions of outstanding importance in modern thought.” So from above viewpoint of scientist themself we can conclude that origin of the universe via explosion infact is not correct approach of understanding the subject matter.
Relativity and Quantum:
To explain behavior of subatomic particle and Space-time Quntaum mechanics and Einstein theory of relativity are needed, which are often contradictory to eachother. Scientist tried to resolve this issue by inventing theory called Grand Unified Theory (GUT) but it collapsed. Nobel prize winning Physicist and inventor of this theory, PAM Dirac himself Admits: “It seems to be quite impossible to put the theory on a sound mathematical basis.”
Everything from Nothing
We are familiar with different types of explosions, generally explosions messed everything creating havoc but a BigBang model theory postulates that the entire cosmos with galaxies each containing billions of stars, and solar systems, trillions of planets with this dazzling orderly system virtually sprang out of big explosion in chaotic pile of atoms. But how ? How do the cosmic bodies like huge nuclear furnace the sun and the green watery planet earth coexit with diametrically opposite features- the necessary preconditions to support life? Not only that there exists a unimaginable law and order also at the same time. Its ridiculous to think that all this happen just because of a explosion. As Astronomer Sir Fred Hoyle says “The Bigbang theory holds that the universe began with a single explosion. Yet as can be seen, an explosion merely throws matter apart, while the Bigbang has mysteriously produced the opposite effect- with matter clumping together in the form of galaxies.”
“The theory of the formation of galaxies is one of the great outstanding problems in astrophysics, a problem that today seems far from solution.” Says Astrophysicist Steven Weinberg
1991 April Symposium organized on Amithosium National Museum concerning the mystery of the cosmos in presence of leading Scientist like Stephen Weinberg, Stephen Hawking, Joel P. Mak, Roy Colb, John lensi etc admitted that the Big Bang theory creates more Questions than it answers and most Questions appear insoluble.
Briefing the News of Symposium The Teligraph, 12Apil, 1999 reported the doubt raised by the Scientists: “if the expansion of the universe started off from a point-like source, matter-density should have been uniform everywhere and for all time, and the cosmos today ought to have been a homogeneous blob. Then how did the galaxies, stars and planets comes from?”
These questions were raised on 1999 and are unanswered till now. To get real answers of these questions we need to try to find the authentic source behind imperfection. Since our senses are imperfect or are conditioned, the conclusions we give are also imperfect or limited. Someone may claim we not only depend on our senses but also use scientific discoveries, technologies, labs etc. Etc, but we should not forget that all these tech and discoveries we made are invented by us and these materials does not give conclusion but instead by seeing the results of our tests and observation we conclude based on our perspective. So for the real understanding of creation we should drag our self from this juvenile approach of understanding and take shelter of vedic scriptures. In srimad bhagavat Gita 9.10 Bhagavan Krishna Says that:
mayädhyakñeëa prakåtiù süyate sa-caräcaram
hetunänena kaunteya jagad viparivartate
This material nature, which is one of My energies, is working under My direction, O son of Kunté, producing all moving and nonmoving beings. Under its rule this manifestation is created and annihilated again and again.
ahaà kåtsnasya jagataù prabhavaù pralayas tathä
Of all that is material and all that is spiritual in this world, know for certain that I am both the origin and the dissolution. (BG 7.6)
Srila Prabhupada comments furthermore in Bhagavad Gita As It Is: Everything that exists is a product of matter and spirit. Spirit is the basic field of creation, and matter is created by spirit. Spirit is not created at a certain stage of material development. Rather, this material world is manifested only on the basis of spiritual energy. This material body is developed because spirit is present within matter; a child grows gradually to boyhood and then to manhood because that superior energy, spirit soul, is present. Similarly, the entire cosmic manifestation of the gigantic universe is developed because of the presence of the Supersoul, Viñëu. Therefore spirit and matter, which combine to manifest this gigantic universal form, are originally two energies of the Lord, and consequently the Lord is the original cause of everything. A fragmental part and parcel of the Lord, namely the living entity, may be the cause of a big skyscraper, a big factory, or even a big city, but he cannot be the cause of a big universe. The cause of the big universe is the big soul, or the Supersoul. And Kåñëa, the Supreme, is the cause of both the big and small souls. Therefore He is the original cause of all causes. This is confirmed in the Kaöha Upaniñad (2.2.13).
Nityo nityänäà cetanaç cetanänäm.
As we go through the pages of Vedic scriptures, despite of being written thousands of years ago, truths has been reveled which have been discovered recently or yet to be discovered by modern Science.
And now we may have question about validity and reliability of scriptures. Questions may raise why we should believe whatever scriptures says? Then here are few examples about authenticity of vedic scriptures:
Universe is composed of atoms, Sri Brahma Samhita 5.35 and Srimad Bhagavat mahapuranam 6.16.36, 3.11.1, Universe begins with its elementry components-minute atoms, Srimad Bhagavat mahapuranam 5.21.10, Cirsumference of the orbit of the sun is 190200000 miles, Srimad Bhagavat mahapuranam 5.21.10, Cirsumference of the orbit of the moon is 2430000 KM, Srimad Bhagavat mahapuranam 5.21.11, The Sun travells 528333 KM per min, Srimad Bhagavat mahapuranam 5.21.10, Total duration of Universe, 311040 billion yrs, Explanation of Value of PI, Socalled Pithagorus Therom, Gravity etc in sulva sutra., Seven Rays in Sun light, Rig Veda 126.96.36.199, Unfailing Inkling of relativity theory, Srimad Bhagavat mahapuranam 3.11.4, Distance between planets-planets, planets-sun, planets-moon, Surya Siddanta, Life science, Srimad Bhagavat mahapuranam 3.31, 2.10, Aitareya Upanishad 1-1-4 Etc. Vedic scripture being Millions of years old they are filled with all these information to ultimate accuracy because Veda is not composed by any imperfect entity but is eternal and was delivered to Lord Brahma the Cosmic engineer by the will of supreme Truth.
Even modern scientists they have staunch faith on accuracy, reliability and authenticity of these scriptures, as we can see Albert Einstein says “When I read the Bhagavad Gita and reflect upon how god created this world, everything else seems to me so superfluous.” (The life and times of Einstein).
Similarly Henrey David Thoreau says “In the morning I bathed my intellect in the stupendous and cosmogonal philosophy of the Bhagavad Gita, in comparison with which our modern world and its litrature seems puny and trivial.” Whereas Dr. Albert Schweitzer claims that the Bhagavad-Gita has a profound influence on the spirit of mankind by its devotion to God which is manifested by actions.
Ok we accepted that according to sciriptural reference Krishna Is creator and he created still there need to be some Prosidure for creation, how he created?
There is detailed explanation how he created and what it looks like in 3rd and 5th Canto of Srimad Bhagavata Mahapuranam, we will discuss it in brief here.
tämasäc ca vikurväëäd bhagavad-vérya-codität
çabda-mätram abhüt tasmän nabhaù çrotraà tu çabdagam
When egoism in ignorance is agitated by the energy of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the subtle element sound is manifested, and from sound come the ethereal sky and the sense of hearing. SB 3.26.32
nabhasaù çabda-tanmäträt käla-gatyä vikurvataù
sparço ‘bhavat tato väyus tvak sparçasya ca saìgrahaù
From ethereal existence, which evolves from sound, the next transformation takes place under the impulse of time, and thus the subtle element touch and thence the air and sense of touch become prominent.
väyoç ca sparça-tanmäträd rüpaà daiveritäd abhüt
samutthitaà tatas tejaç cakñü rüpopalambhanam
By interactions of the air and the sensations of touch, one receives different forms according to destiny. By evolution of such forms, there is fire, and the eye sees different forms in color. SB 3.26.38
rüpa-mäträd vikurväëät tejaso daiva-codität
rasa-mätram abhüt tasmäd ambho jihvä rasa-grahaù
By the interaction of fire and the visual sensation, the subtle element taste evolves under a superior arrangement. From taste, water is produced, and the tongue, which perceives taste, is also manifested.
rasa-mäträd vikurväëäd ambhaso daiva-codität
gandha-mätram abhüt tasmät påthvé ghräëas tu gandhagaù
Due to the interaction of water with the taste perception, the subtle element odor evolves under superior arrangement. Thence the earth and the olfactory sense, by which we can variously experience the aroma of the earth, become manifest. SB 3.26.44
parasya dåçyate dharmo hy aparasmin samanvayät
ato viçeño bhävänäà bhümäv evopalakñyate
Since the cause exists in its effect as well, the characteristics of the former are observed in the latter. That is why the peculiarities of all the elements exist in the earth alone. SB 3.26.49
etäny asaàhatya yadä mahad-ädéni sapta vai
käla-karma-guëopeto jagad-ädir upäviçat
When all these elements were unmixed, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the origin of creation, along with time, work, and the qualities of the modes of material nature, entered into the universe with the total material energy in seven divisions. SB 3.26.50
tatas tenänuviddhebhyo yuktebhyo ‘ëòam acetanam
utthitaà puruño yasmäd udatiñöhad asau viräö
From these seven principles, roused into activity and united by the presence of the Lord, an unintelligent egg arose, from which appeared the celebrated Cosmic Being. SB 3.26.51
Srila Prabhupada comments further on this sloka as: In sex life, the combination of matter from the parents, which involves emulsification and secretion, creates the situation whereby a soul is received within matter, and the combination of matter gradually develops into a complete body. The same principle exists in the universal creation: the ingredients were present, but only when the Lord entered into the material elements was matter actually agitated. That is the cause of creation. We can see this in our ordinary experience. Although we may have clay, water and fire, the elements take the shape of a brick only when we labor to combine them. Without the living energy, there is no possibility that matter can take shape. Similarly, this material world does not develop unless agitated by the Supreme Lord as the viräö-puruña. Yasmäd udatiñöhad asau viräö: by His agitation, space was created, and the universal form of the Lord also manifested therein.
etad aëòaà viçeñäkhyaà krama-våddhair daçottaraiù
toyädibhiù parivåtaà pradhänenävåtair bahiù
yatra loka-vitäno ‘yaà rüpaà bhagavato hareù
This universal egg, or the universe in the shape of an egg, is called the manifestation of material energy. Its layers of water, air, fire, sky, ego and mahat-tattva increase in thickness one after another. Each layer is ten times bigger than the previous one, and the final outside layer is covered by pradhäna. Within this egg is the universal form of Lord Hari, of whose body the fourteen planetary systems are parts. SB 3.26.52
Its also confrimed in Narada Pancaratra:
viñëos tu tréëi rüpäëi puruñäkhyäny atho viduù ekaà tu mahataù srañöå dvitéyaà tv aëòa-saàsthitam tåtéyaà sarva-bhüta-sthaà täni jïätvä vimucyate
“For material creation, Lord Kåñëa’s plenary expansion assumes three Viñëus. The first one, Mahä-viñëu, creates the total material energy, known as the mahat-tattva. The second, Garbhodakaçäyé Viñëu, enters into all the universes to create diversities in each of them. The third, Kñérodakaçäyé Viñëu, is diffused as the all-pervading Supersoul in all the universes and is known as Paramätmä. He is present even within the atoms. Anyone who knows these three Viñëus can be liberated from material entanglement.”
Similar type of explanation is again found in Srimad Bhagavata 3.5.29 to 3.5.36 also
sä vä etasya saàdrañöuù çaktiù sad-asad-ätmikä
mäyä näma mahä-bhäga yayedaà nirmame vibhuù
The Lord is the seer, and the external energy, which is seen, works as both cause and effect in the cosmic manifestation. O greatly fortunate Vidura, this external energy is known as mäyä or illusion, and through her agency only is the entire material manifestation made possible.
käla-våttyä tu mäyäyäà guëa-mayyäm adhokñajaù
puruñeëätma-bhütena véryam ädhatta véryavän
The Supreme Living Being in His feature as the transcendental puruña incarnation, who is the Lord’s plenary expansion, impregnates the material nature of three modes, and thus by the influence of eternal time the living entities appear.
tato ‘bhavan mahat-tattvam avyaktät käla-codität
vijïänätmätma-deha-sthaà viçvaà vyaïjaàs tamo-nudaù
Thereafter, influenced by the interactions of eternal time, the supreme sum total of matter called the mahat-tattva became manifested, and in this mahat-tattva the unalloyed goodness, the Supreme Lord, sowed the seeds of universal manifestation out of His own body.
so ‘py aàça-guëa-kälätmä bhagavad-dåñöi-gocaraù
ätmänaà vyakarod ätmä viçvasyäsya sisåkñayä
Thereafter the mahat-tattva differentiated itself into many different forms as the reservoir of the would-be entities. The mahat-tattva is chiefly in the mode of ignorance, and it generates the false ego. It is a plenary expansion of the Personality of Godhead, with full consciousness of creative principles and time for fructification.
mahat-tattväd vikurväëäd ahaà-tattvaà vyajäyata
vaikärikas taijasaç ca tämasaç cety ahaà tridhä
Mahat-tattva, or the great causal truth, transforms into false ego, which is manifested in three phases—cause, effect and the doer. All such activities are on the mental plane and are based on the material elements, gross senses and mental speculation. The false ego is represented in three different modes—goodness, passion and ignorance.
ahaà-tattväd vikurväëän mano vaikärikäd abhüt
vaikärikäç ca ye devä arthäbhivyaïjanaà yataù
The false ego is transformed into mind by interaction with the mode of goodness. All the demigods who control the phenomenal world are also products of the same principle, namely the interaction of false ego and the mode of goodness.
taijasänéndriyäëy eva jïäna-karma-mayäni ca
The senses are certainly products of the mode of passion in false ego, and therefore philosophical speculative knowledge and fruitive activities are predominantly products of the mode of passion.
tämaso bhüta-sükñmädir yataù khaà liìgam ätmanaù
The sky is a product of sound, and sound is the transformation of egoistic passion. In other words, the sky is the symbolic representation of the Supreme Soul.
käla-mäyäàça-yogena bhagavad-vékñitaà nabhaù
nabhaso ‘nusåtaà sparçaà vikurvan nirmame ‘nilam
Thereafter the Personality of Godhead glanced over the sky, partly mixed with eternal time and external energy, and thus developed the touch sensation, from which the air in the sky was produced.
anilo ‘pi vikurväëo nabhasoru-balänvitaù
sasarja rüpa-tanmätraà jyotir lokasya locanam
Thereafter the extremely powerful air, interacting with the sky, generated the form of sense perception, and the perception of form transformed into electricity, the light to see the world.
anilenänvitaà jyotir vikurvat paravékñitam
ädhattämbho rasa-mayaà käla-mäyäàça-yogataù
When electricity was surcharged in the air and was glanced over by the Supreme, at that time, by a mixture of eternal time and external energy, there occurred the creation of water and taste.
jyotiñämbho ‘nusaàsåñöaà vikurvad brahma-vékñitam
mahéà gandha-guëäm ädhät käla-mäyäàça-yogataù
Thereafter the water produced from electricity was glanced over by the Supreme Personality of Godhead and mixed with eternal time and external energy. Thus it was transformed into the earth, which is qualified primarily by smell.
All the cause of material elements called 24 elements (the five gross elements and the three subtle elements, ten senses, five sense objects and the total material cause (maha-tattva)) and its creation order are so ornately explained in scriptures, all our quest on cosmic menifestation will be solved.
Even recent discoveries and research in modern science are getting near to the conclusion that Srimad Bhagavatam is real source of Knowledge. According to Research paper by Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) the universe began not with a bang but with a low moan, building into roar that gave way to a deafening hiss. And those sounds gave birth to the first stars, says an astronomer at the University of Virginia in carbttesvilla, US, after reconstructing the cosmic cacophony from data teared out from the high-resolution maping by NASA spacecraft.
The Telegraph 21st june, 2005, under the title “No Big Bang” The early universe rang with the sound of countless cosmic bells, which filled the primordial darkness with ripples like the surface of a pond pounded by stones. The wave fronts later served as spawning grounds for galaxies, astronomers announced Tuesday. The effect had been predicted by theory. Researchers found its imprint on the sky in two independent, comprehensive galaxy surveys presented here at a meeting of the American Astronomical Society.
Universe Began Not With A Bang, But A Hum.. The long hum becomes progressively deeper in tone because the sound waves become longer, and thus lower in frequency, as they range across the fast-expanding Universe. – http://www.spacedaily.com/news/cosmology-03y.html
Infact not only our ancient scriptures explain about creators and created but even modern scientist themself openly accepts the fact that there is creator behing this cosmic mistry. For example we can go through some of the thoughts of prominent Scientist of modern era:
“The Universe has been brought to us by a supremely good and orderly creator.”-Nicholas Copernicus, the galileos connection
“My god craeated laws….this universe not rulled by wishful thinking, but by immutable laws.”-Albert einstein, Enstein and the poet in search of cosmic Man
“The more I study nature, the more I stand amazed at the work of the creator.”
-Louis Pasteur, Father of Microbiology
“From the knowledge of his work, we shall Know him.”-Robert Boyle, Founder of Modern Chemestry/Gas Dynamics
“Overwhelmingly strong proofs of intelligent and benevolent design lie around us… The atheistic idea is so nonsencial that i cannot put it into words.”-Lord kelvin, Laws of Thermodynamics, absolute temperature scale, inventor
“Gravity explains the motions of the planets, but it cannot explain who set the planets in motion. God governs all thing and knows all that is or can be done.”-Sir Isaac Newton, Mathemitical principles of Natural Philosophy
According to Srimad Bhagavatam Spiritual entities or the Soul or the living Force which makes matter conscious, emanated from supreme father’s marginal potency are dispatched to the material creation. Those cognizant particles are placed in material corpse of 8.4 million types composed of material elements. Matter and Spirit – two energies come from two different nature of creator. So their co-esesitence is always incompatible-even science cannot make this place truly comfortable. Furthermore stated in Vishnu purana 6.7.61
viñëu-çaktiù parä proktä kñetra-jïäkhyä tathä parä avidyä-karma-saàjïänyä tåtéyä çaktir iñyate
The internal potency of the Supreme Lord, Vishnu, is spiritual, as verified by the Sastras. There is another spiritual potency, known as kshetragya, or the living entity. The third potency, which is known as nescience, makes the living entity godless and fills him with fruitive activity.
This is infact a logical, philosophical, scriptural, Scientific and unalloyed truth behind this cosmic menifestation. Its the final truth still someone my argue that, lets assume there is creator behind this menifestation but then why he need to create it? What is the purpose behind all these creation ?
oà puruña eVedaggà sarvaà / yad bhütaà yac ca bhavyam//
utämåtatvasyeçänah/ yad annenätirohati//
The virata-Rupa, the lord of immortality, after having prevaded all places, then prevaded all times: past, present and future. Lord Hari became the virat-rupa only to faciliate the living entities desires for sense gratifacition. Purusha Sukta 2
Here its clearly mentioned that the lord of immortality Sri Krishna assumed the Virata-rupa (Source of all cosmic menifestation) just to facilate the desires of fallen living entity to enjoy seperetly from Supreme lord whch creates false ego ensuing identity of I control and I enjoy. Further more it is also confirmed:
tamo rajaù sattvam iti prakåter abhavan guëäù
mayä prakñobhyamäëäyäù puruñänumatena ca
When material nature was agitated by My glance, the three material modes—goodness, passion and ignorance—became manifest to fulfill the pending desires (upshot of Free will) of the conditioned souls.
Here question may arise what is the rigin of free will? Where it originated from? Living entities are part and parcel of supreme lord, since supreme lord is beyond all limitation, imperfection and condition, he is free similirly living entity a part and parcel of lord also posses same character (quality). Its confrimed in many revaled scritures like:
apareyam itas tv anyäà prakåtià viddhi me paräm
jéva-bhütäà mahä-bäho yayedaà dhäryate jagat
Besides these, O mighty-armed Arjuna, there is another superior energy of Mine, which comprises the living entities who are exploiting the resources of this material, inferior nature. BG 7.5
Sa Nityo Nitya-sambandhah prakritis ca paraiva sa
The living entity is eternal and is for eternity and without begining joined to the supreme lord by the tie of an eternal kinship. He is transcendental spiritual potency. Brahma Samhita 5.21
mamaiväàço jéva-loke jéva-bhütaù sanätanaù
manaù-ñañöhänéndriyäëi prakåti-sthäni karñati
The living entities in this conditioned world are My eternal fragmental parts. Due to conditioned life, they are struggling very hard with the six senses, which include the mind. BG. 15.7
But for modern science its contrary to expalin or to accept the truth of consciousness or free will while accepting present theory of cosmic menifestation and life science because the existing theory belives that everything evolved from dead matter and all our thoughts, feelings are outcome of atomic activities in brain, end product of chains of physical causation rooted in atomic motion, electrical impulses somehow shaped by the human nervous system into coherent patterns and so on. Even prominent scientiests are accepting this lie they are forceing themselves to belive. “There have been many attempts to define consciousness. However, they really dont make sense because they can apply to things we never think of as being conscious. We all understand that we have consciousness and free will. But free will is quite contrary to present laws of science. We scientist think we have free will, but we can’t prove it. We know almost for sure we have it, but it is contrary to our present laws of science.” – Nobel Prize Winning Physicist Charles Towens
Since we are here because of our false ego caused by the desire to enjoy independently or in other word we are here because of misusing our free will. Then now what should we be doing? What is real task we should acomplish to regain our real etarnal constitutional position?
Somewhat we can see even modern science is trying to explore the prime duty of living entities. Like “There are eighteen different constants that define the existence of this universe and make the existance of life forms possible. We do not exactly know why they are as they are. So, I would like to say that ours is very special universe. It has been very intelligently planned. This is the view from the physical Science… I would say that there is indeed, a creator and a spiritual world.” Nobel-laureate physicist, Charles towns
“Then we shall be able to take part in the discussion of the question of why it is that we and the universe exist. If we find the answer to that, it would be the ultimate triumph of human reason-for then we would know the mind of God.” Stephen Hawking, A brief history of time
But this mere speculation by our tiny, conditioned and limited brain can’t answer all our query on this subject matter instead we should take the help of scriptures which are all truth, all prevading and etarnal.
ananya-cetäù satataà yo mäà smarati nityaçaù
tasyähaà sulabhaù pärtha nitya-yuktasya yoginaù
mäm upetya punar janma duùkhälayam açäçvatam
näpnuvanti mahätmänaù saàsiddhià paramäà gatäù
For one who always remembers me without deviation, I am easy to obtain, O son of Pårthä, because of his constant engagement in devotional service. After attaining me, the great souls, who are yogés in devotion, never return to this temporary world, which is full of miseries, because they have attained the highest perfection.
If we have to describe the real aim of living entities in one sentence then “The real aim is for a living entity to give up all selfish satisfaction and to be prepared to satisfy the Supreme.”
From the Book “Origin of Science”.