Quiet the Mind: Overcoming Overthinking


In Vedic philosophy, the mind is considered a powerful but often unruly instrument. The mind is often likened to a restless monkey that continuously jumps from one thought to another. This restlessness is a significant obstacle to spiritual progress and inner peace. Rumination/overthinking, in Vedic thought, is a state where the mind becomes fixated on negative or unproductive thoughts, trapping the individual in a cycle of suffering. psychologically, rumination is seen as a cognitive process where individuals repetitively dwell on their problems, symptoms, and their possible causes and consequences. It is often associated with negative thought patterns and is recognized as a factor that can contribute to various mental health issues, including depression and anxiety.

According to Vedic Literature, the causes of rumination include:

Attachment: Excessive attachment to desires and outcomes can lead to rumination or overthinking when those desires are unfulfilled.

Karma: The belief in karma indicates that our past actions influence our present thoughts. Negative karma may lead to rumination on past mistakes.

Lack of Self-Realization: Not understanding one’s true self, the atman, can lead to a constant search for validation and self-worth in external factors, contributing to rumination.

Together with these causes there are more psychological cause because of extensive desire for sense enjoyment and unfulfilled desires include:

Stress and Trauma: Individuals who have experienced significant stressors or traumas may ruminate as a way to process and make sense of their experiences.

Perfectionism: The pursuit of perfection and setting unrealistic goals can lead to rumination when one falls short of their own expectations.

Emotional Dysregulation: Difficulty in managing and regulating emotions can lead to repetitive negative thinking.

Addressing overthinking:

Addressing rumination from both Vedic and psychological perspectives involves various practices that can help individuals break free from negative thought cycles and achieve inner peace and well-being. Here’s an explanation of how each of these practices is understood and utilized in both perspectives:

Distract Your Mind with Positive Activities:

Vedic Perspective: Engaging in meditation, prayer, or selfless service (seva) redirects the mind’s focus from mundane concerns to spiritual pursuits. This can lead to a sense of inner fulfillment and bring individuals closer to their spiritual path.

Psychological Perspective: Positive activities like meditation and prayer have been shown to reduce anxiety and stress, promoting mental well-being. Engaging in selfless service can also provide a sense of purpose and satisfaction, shifting attention away from negative thoughts.

Karma Yoga:

Vedic Perspective: Karma yoga involves dedicating one’s actions to a higher purpose or divine service, emphasizing selfless acts. This practice helps individuals transcend their personal concerns and ego, reducing the tendency to ruminate over personal issues.

Psychological Perspective: From a psychological standpoint, selfless acts of service can boost self-esteem and create a sense of fulfillment. This shift in focus away from self-centered thoughts can be therapeutic and reduce rumination.

Japa (Chanting):

Vedic Perspective: Chanting mantras or the names of God is believed to redirect the mind’s energy towards spiritual contemplation. The repetition of sacred sounds can bring mental calm and help silence incessant rumination.

Psychological Perspective: Repetitive activities like chanting can have a meditative effect, promoting relaxation and reducing the intrusion of negative thoughts.


Vedic Perspective: Self-reflection, guided by the principles of dharma (righteousness), aligns one’s actions and intentions with spiritual goals. This process minimizes the impact of negative karma and helps in breaking the cycle of rumination.

Psychological Perspective: Self-reflection, a key component of therapies like Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), helps individuals identify and challenge negative thought patterns. It promotes self-awareness and can reduce rumination by offering alternative perspectives on one’s experiences.

Satsang (Spiritual Company):

Vedic Perspective: Surrounding oneself with spiritually inclined individuals, saints, or gurus provides wisdom, understanding of absolute beauty with the reality of mundane world and guidance that offers new perspectives and help overcome rumination.

Psychological Perspective: Social support and interaction can play a vital role in addressing rumination. Talking with individuals who offer positive and constructive viewpoints can disrupt the cycle of negative thinking.

Meditation and Pranayama:

Vedic Perspective: Meditation and controlled breathing exercises (pranayama) aim to still the mind and help individuals detach from thoughts. This detachment is crucial in overcoming rumination.

Psychological Perspective: Meditation is a well-established technique in modern psychology for reducing rumination and promoting mindfulness. Controlled breathing techniques can calm the nervous system, leading to reduced anxiety and obsessive thinking.

Surrender to the Supreme/Divine:

Vedic Perspective: Surrendering one’s worries and anxieties to the supreme personality Sri Krishna is act of absolute. Recognizing a greater purpose and divine plan can alleviate mental burdens and reduce rumination.

Psychological Perspective: Acceptance, letting go, and recognizing that some matters are beyond one’s control are principles often integrated into therapies like Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). They can help individuals reduce rumination over unchangeable issues.


Vedic Perspective: Vedic philosophy encourages detachment from the outcomes of one’s actions. By not fixating on success or failure, individuals can ease the burden of rumination.

Psychological Perspective: Detaching from the emotional intensity of thoughts and outcomes is a core principle in CBT. It helps individuals reduce the emotional charge associated with rumination.


Vedic Perspective: Pursuing self-realization through study, self-inquiry, and guidance from spiritual mentors helps individuals understand their true nature beyond the mind, reducing the impact of external factors on their mental well-being.

Psychological Perspective: Self-awareness and understanding one’s thought processes and emotions are central to modern therapy. This self-realization can empower individuals to address rumination and work toward mental health.

Bhakti (Devotion):

Vedic Perspective: Cultivating devotion to a chosen deity form of Sri Krishna or the divine provides solace and helps individuals transcend the fluctuations of the mind, reducing the inclination to ruminate.

Psychological Perspective: Engaging in activities that evoke positive emotions and devotion can counterbalance negative thinking patterns and promote emotional well-being.

In summary, both Vedic and psychological perspectives offer various practices and principles to address rumination. These approaches share common themes, such as self-awareness, selflessness, and redirection of focus, which can help individuals achieve mental and spiritual peace and reduce the negative impact of rumination.

In the Vedic perspective, addressing Overthinking involves a deep understanding of the mind’s tendencies, the pursuit of spiritual growth, and the realization of the self’s divine nature. By adopting these practices and attitudes, one can work towards breaking the cycle of negative thoughts and achieving mental and spiritual harmony.


Hare Krishna.


Published on:  Brahmacari, S. K. D. Navigating the Shadows of Society, Modern Woes: Insights and Solutions.2023.JF Inc..

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Name: Sripad Srivas Krishna Das Brahmacari